Tornado Cash Founders Indicted for Alleged Money Laundering


Two co-founders of Tornado Cash, a prominent cryptocurrency firm, have been indicted for allegedly operating a crypto scheme. They laundered hundreds of millions of dollars for North Korean hackers.  The indictment was unsealed in the Southern District Court of New York. They are charging Roman Semenov, a Russian national, and Roman Storm, an executive in Washington state. They are accused of laundering and violating sanctions through Tornado Cash. It is a crypto “mixer” that is alleged to have laundered over $1 billion. This is including funds directed to the North Korean cybercrime group Lazarus Group. 

Charges and Allegations:

The indictment accuses Semenov and Storm of knowingly assisting hackers and criminals in concealing their ill-gotten gains, while publicly promoting their service as a privacy-focused platform.  The prices consist of laundering and violating the International Economic Emergency Powers Act. Storm has been arrested in Washington, even as Semenov continues to be at large. The 1/3 co-founding father of Tornado Cash, unnamed withinside the indictment, became formerly arrested on cash laundering fees withinside the Netherlands.

Cryptocurrency Mixers and Regulatory Scrutiny:

Tornado Cash is one of the well-known cryptocurrency mixers, designed to enhance user privacy by obfuscating transaction origins. The crypto industry, including mixers, has been under increasing regulatory scrutiny. The US Treasury has sanctioned Tornado Cash, declaring that crypto mixers are regularly used for laundering stolen funds.

Legal Implications and Defense:

Storm’s lawyer, Brian Klein, stated that the prosecution’s decision to charge Storm could set a dangerous precedent for software developers. Storm allegedly helped develop the software behind Tornado Cash. Klein added that Storm had cooperated with the investigation and contested any involvement in criminal activities.

Charges and Maximum Sentences:

Both Semenov and Storm face expenses of conspiracy to devote cash laundering and conspiracy. They violate the International Economic Emergency Powers Act, each carrying a maximum prison sentence of 20 years.  Additionally, they may be charged with conspiracy to carry out an unlicensed coins transmitting business. It incorporates a maximum sentence of five years.


The indictment of Tornado Cash’s co-founders highlights the legal complexities surrounding cryptocurrency services and their potential misuse for illicit activities.  The case underscores the regulatory challenges faced by the crypto industry and the ongoing efforts to curb money laundering and cybercrime in the digital space.